System Performance Impacts
Fixed-route service is provided by five transit agencies across the region. Central city neighborhoods, served by many routes and a large number of buses running at relatively short headways, enjoy very good radial access to the Central Business District, or downtown Cincinnati. Suburban locations are served primarily by commuter service comprised of more express service but fewer runs. More information about Transit can be found under Existing & Future Conditions: Modal Trends & Conditions: Transit.
The transit recommendations in this Plan include improved bus service on high priority transit corridors, creation of additional bus transfer hubs and Park & Ride facilities, extension of streetcar service to Northern Kentucky and the Oasis Line Rail transit.
The table below highlights the number of people, households and jobs served by fixed-route transit service in the OKI region and the 2040 Plan’s transit projects. The results of this impact assessment found that:
- Between 2010 and 2040, employment within easy walking distance (one-quarter mile) of a fixed-route transit stop will increase by 31,668, however, this represents a slight decrease of the percentage of total employment (45% to 44%).
- With the Plan’s recommended additional service to new areas, such as the BCRTA route expansion and the Oasis Rail Line, transit accessibility to employment will improve slightly.
- The Plan will also have a slight positive impact on population and household accessibility to transit.
- In addition to a few new routes, Plan recommendations improve service in areas that are currently underserved, with more frequent bus service, better connectivity and increased operating hours.
- New transit hubs will make transit use more convenient, efficient and safer.
- It should be noted that Plan recommendations located in areas that have existing transit service are not reflected in the accessibility numbers.
|2010 Totals||2010 with Access to Transit. (% of regional total)||2040 Totals||2040 Base with Access to Transit. (% of regional total)||2040 Plan with Access to Transit. (% of regional total)
|Employment||963,416||438,061 (45%)||1,057,939||469,729 (44%)||470,522 (44%)
|Population||1,999,474||785,628 (39%)||2,218,731||804,488 (36%)||807,222 (36%)
|Households||781,953||319,640 (41%)||892,681||337,243 (38%)||338,357 (38%)
Vehicle Miles Traveled
- Plan recommendations add 221 roadway lane miles to the highway network.
- Daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and vehicle hours traveled (VHT) are forecasted to increase about 20% from 2010 to 2040 without the Plan.
- The amount of VMT operating in congestion is expected to increase from 15% to 19%.
- Implementing the Plan recommendations decreases VMT and VHT as compared to without the Plan.
- There is almost no impact on overall congestion.
System Performance Impact
|Measure||2010||2040 Existing and TIP Committed||2040 Plan
|Roadway Lane Miles||16,070||16,317||16,538
|Daily vehicle miles of travel||54,504,621||65,476,141||65,212,756
|Daily vehicle miles of travel per person||27||30||29|
|Daily vehicle hours of travel||1,212,250||1,441,935||1,434,376
|Average peak highway speed (mph)||23||21||21|
|% of VMT Operating in Congestion||15||19||19|